Antidepressants treat a wide range of disorders such as depression, dysthymia, anxiety, eating disorders, borderline personality disorders, and sleep disturbances. An antidepressant medication limits the metabolism of serotonin or norepinephrine or both. Among the commonly prescribed medications are Celexa, Cymbalta, Effexor, Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, Pristiq, Remeron, Wellbutrin, and Zoloft. These medications are also effective first-line treatment for anxiety disorders.
The ability to have a trusting safe relationship is paramount to successful treatment. A good therapist must be able to listen and to understand, and then convey this understanding in a caring manner. Without this, therapy can be more like coaching, a method of helping others based on prepackaged advice rather than personal insight.
Children and adolescents may present with disturbances of behavior in the family, in their peer group, or in their school accomplishment. Underneath these symptoms there may be indications of biological disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder or attention deficit disorder. Psychological issues that appear in children are often related to trauma, stress, medical illness or dysfunction in the family. Often times, both biological conditions and situational issues lead to the difficulties.
Medications may be used to assist with the withdrawal process, but this is not considered to be treatment but rather an assist in suppressing the symptoms.
Medications can help re-establish brain function and to prevent relapse and diminish cravings.
Medications can effectively assist in the treatment of addiction to opioids, tobacco, and alcohol. Often there is a combination of such addictions which may also include those of a behavioral, rather than substance, nature.
When the issue of competency is raised, both in the civil court and in the criminal court, the psychiatrist is asked to assess the person’s level of functioning and ability to make appropriate decisions. It is often necessary to provide guidance and protection for the elderly or those with long-standing mental or emotional difficulties. On some occasions, the psychiatrist is asked to provide the treatment with regular periods of reporting to the court or other involved agencies.